7 Different Types of Cyber Security: How Each Protects Against Common Threats

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Cybercriminals can target everyone in the modern world who has a computer, smartphone, or other internet-connected device. If you think about it too much, it’s frightening. Fortunately, the several types of cyber security solutions available today can aid in reducing or preventing cyber attacks intended to harm people or organizations.

In this post, we’ll examine cyber security, its significance, several sorts of cyberattacks, and seven standard forms of cyber defense. There is a lot to unpack, so let’s begin.

What Is Cyber Security?

Any threat or attack that aims to access information, stop or disrupt digital workflows, or corrupt or erase data is considered a cyber security incident. Cyber risks can originate from a variety of sources, including individuals, criminal gangs, hackers, terrorist organizations, and dissatisfied workers. A cyber security plan is essential because of the surge in attacks on digital data used to steal information from businesses or access their accounts.

Why Is Cyber Security Important?

For both individuals and corporations, cyber security is essential. A business must defend against online threats, data breaches, and identity theft. Hackers can strike in a variety of methods using online channels. Additionally, because so much of our job is reliant on technology, cyberattacks are becoming much more advanced. Therefore, companies must have a cyber security strategy in place. Furthermore, it must be technologically advanced enough to keep up with the sophisticated crimes of today.

The most typical cyberattacks are listed below:

Let’s examine each one in greater detail.


Viruses, spyware, ransomware, and any malicious program on your system all count as malware.


Computers and other gadgets can get malware on them. After getting access without authorization, the malicious program can steal data, attack systems, and hijack devices. Infections with viruses, worms, spyware, and ransomware are all examples of malware.


Phishing is the act of sending emails or other messages with the sole goal of obtaining personal data, including passwords, credit card numbers, and other sensitive information. These dubious messages may appear to be from a trustworthy business, leading the unwary recipient to open them and adhere to any instructions provided. The viewer can be persuaded by the instructions to click on dangerous links or divulge personal information. The purpose of a phishing attack is to steal data or infect a person’s computer with malware.


Malware includes ransomware. This kind of hack encrypts data and systems, which may result in data loss or even the entire shutdown of a computer. Up until a payment is made to the attackers, the ransomware will keep blocking access.

SQL Injection

A database can be destroyed via an AnSQL, or Structured Query Language, code injection attack. Malicious code is used in this kind of cyberattack on a server that makes use of SWL. The server will leak sensitive data once it has been infected. One of the most prevalent cyberattacks is SQL injection, which is easily carried out by inserting malicious code into a text field on a susceptible website.

Brute Force

One of the earliest cyber security problems is brute force assaults. Hackers and bots attempt to access networks and systems. They accomplish this by continuously attempting to guess a site’s login information. Once inside, hackers can introduce malware to access private data.

7 Different Types of Cyber Security

Let’s discuss the seven popular methods of cyber security you may use to safeguard your sensitive information now that we know why it’s crucial to protect yourself and your company.

#1. Network Security

Use a firewall to keep your network secure from outside threats.


The majority of cyber security threats will take place online.Utilizing a variety of technologies within a network to protect your personal and business data is known as network security. Network security will often recognize problems and stop them using a variety of techniques. A next-generation firewall, data loss protection, and access management are some of these options.

#3. Mobile Security

Many people now utilize their mobile devices for work. This implies that the data on these smartphones and tablets is extremely sensitive. Mobile devices are susceptible to malicious software, messaging, and phishing attacks if left unprotected. Mobile security, which includes protection against jailbreaking and rooting, can be used by both individuals and businesses to protect mobile devices. A mobile device management strategy, or MDM, also makes sure that only authorized mobile devices have access to company data.

#4. IoT Security

The Internet of items, or IoT, is a network of objects or items that have sensors and software built in. Devices are connected by software and sensors, and information is transferred between these systems over the internet. IoT devices, however, can expose enterprises to cyber security risks while using the internet, particularly if these devices are left exposed.

Hackers can target smart home appliances like smart TVs and baby monitors, thus IoT vulnerabilities are not solely a problem for commercial enterprises.

By utilizing remedies like software updates, credential security, encryption, and device authentication, IoT security solutions secure devices.

#5. Application Security

The process of creating and integrating cyber security elements into any apps linked to the internet is known as application security. Unauthorized access and alterations are a few common dangers to programs. Continuous learning stops attackers and malicious interactions with application security. As new content is made available, apps may maintain their security through continuous learning.

#6. Endpoint Security or End User Security

When defending against cyberattacks, the first line of protection is endpoint or end-user security. For the majority of attacks, people employ tools like computers to detect and counter them.

The greatest strategies to protect you and your company from hacking and cyber threats are through education and awareness of cyberattacks and cyber security. To ward off attacks and inform their staff of the greatest risks of the present, the majority of businesses provide or mandate cyber security education.

#7. Zero Trust Security

Fingerprint reader is one example of Biometric access control.

By Elena Abrazhevich on Shutterstock

The term “Zero Trust” describes a company requirement to safeguard important assets without employing antiquated, conventional perimeter-focused security. Zero trust, on the other hand, is more in-depth and safeguards individual resources by keeping an eye on and enforcing role-based access. Before allowing access to data and applications, this cyber security system requires all users to be authorized and authenticated. Users will also need to be continually validated.

Cyber Security: Protecting Yourself Against Common Threats

Threats from the internet are becoming a reality. Sadly, threats are arriving at us via the gadgets we use on a daily basis. If your device is online, it is susceptible to cyber dangers, such as convincing phishing assaults and brute force attacks. what is good news? Businesses and individuals can safeguard themselves against fraudsters and hackers in a variety of ways. To secure sensitive data, such as names, birthdates, social security numbers, credit card numbers, and other personal information, we now need to implement cyber security measures at every level.

Educating yourself and your team members about typical cyberattacks and how to avoid them is one strategy to secure data. When an update is available, install it. Keep up with the most recent cyber security solutions that are accessible. In case the unthinkable occurs, make sure you have security systems and a recovery plan in place. Cybercriminals’ negative consequences can be expensive.

Hackers will always be present as long as the internet is around. We don’t have to give them the advantage, though. Use every cyber security measure instead to assist defend against all common threats currently known.

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